ISSN: 1999-1738

Volume 10, Issue 3

Volume 10, Issue 3, Autumn 2014, Page 31-175


The effect quantitative transformation in the products of local architecture

The iraqi journal of architecture and planning, 2014, Volume 10, Issue 3, Pages 31-47

The concept of time is clearly in the architecture , but the elements of time alone is not enough to get into the production architect , so came this research in order to clarify the relationship shifts architectural -time in the local architecture , which are either as or Kiva but will be here to emphasize time quantitative exclusively as part of propositions lexical and scientific , philosophical and artistic as well as architectural and then be described within the transformations timetable in local architecture , hence emerged the research problem of the " there was a lack a knowledge about the nature of the changes to the architecture of local quantum level " Either hypothesis Search: " shifts in the local architecture in terms of quantity to be either at the level of whole or part , or both , " Proceeding from the premise has been the goal of research to study the changes in the local architecture to illustrate the level of quantum transitions in the local architecture as well as access to the level of quantitative shifts in local architecture .ﺒﻟﻤﺤﻠﯿﺔ.

Sustainability of Infrastructure for Iraqi City Analytical Study for Baghdad City

The iraqi journal of architecture and planning, 2014, Volume 10, Issue 3, Pages 65-86

The infrastructure is an important element in the growth and development of the city;they determine the city optimum size.When the city's infrastructure is efficient the city is efficient, and competitive with other cities, and linked with modern information systems. The infrastructure system of the city, mainly overlap with each other to provide a better human life, so the city must be efficient economically and socially integrated. Environmentally must be capable to protect itself. The concepts of sustainability have many dimensions ,economic, social, and environmental their purpose the human being.Sustainability have emerged in many fields, including infrastructure and relied on the principle of efficiency and economic competition in the provision of infrastructure to the community, to achieve less environmental damage and working to provide natural resources and re- recurrence.
Iraqi cities suffering from inefficiency and the ability of existing infrastructure,and inability to accommodate population and its dependence on traditional unsustainable concepts,therefore suffers from many problems to not rivalry with developments in technology on the one hand, the depletion of natural resources dramatically,and its reliance on traditional methods of outcomes treatment,and lack of fitness with the concept of sustainability and the preservation of resources and increase efficiency and economic capacity. ﺘﻌﯿﺔ .

The effect of sur on zubair city form

The iraqi journal of architecture and planning, 2014, Volume 10, Issue 3, Pages 108-127

Most available studies lacked an understanding of the architectural aspects of zubair as a city; especial with relevance to the role of the sur (fortification) on the city form and how it had conserved this form. This study tries to follow up the formal transformation in planning, land use, and Urban life, To understand the role of thesur which was erroded through various stages of its history, the location and the geometry of this sur must be determined depending on up to date techniques. previous descriptive studies were analysed in compares on to other for tified cities
With an emphasis on studies concerned with zubair, the research problem was identified as ''the lack of specialized and documented knowledge concerning sur effect on the city and to determine its location around the city, and how city form has transformed through the time. The study has managed ,finally, to determine the shape of the original sur and its effect on city form. Findings were presented in the end to address its impact and influence. ﺘﻔﺘﻘ .

The Fixed Spiritual aspects in the Islamic Thought Architecture

The iraqi journal of architecture and planning, 2014, Volume 10, Issue 3, Pages 149-175

The issue of search for the spiritual aspects of fixed took distinct place among researchers who specialized in the architecture of Islamic thought because it represent the area between the two main approaches of the theorists of Islamic architecture ; The first one derived from Islamic Sharia laws and jurisprudence of construction and their suitability to the environmental and social conditions and the other one focused on the symbolical Formality reference for the final product and as a result of the different approaches are in the nature and diversity of the formal sources, the first focused on the need to function the shape to achieve social and environmental demands, second return the form to the spiritual and symbolism reference earn shape mysterious and complex incorporeal dimension ; this research merge the two approaches above in order to focus on the substance of Islamic Thought,.
That's how determined the goal of research: approaching a paradigm of theoretical framework that reflects fixed spiritual aspects of Islamic thought in variable formal products and examine their existing in the contemporary architectural products . and then the research problem determined :there is a need to discover the continuity of spiritual aspects and being fixed in the humanistic contemporary architectural Islamic product . .

The impact of laws and regulations in urban land management and urban Baghdad - A Case Study

The iraqi journal of architecture and planning, 2014, Volume 10, Issue 3, Pages 48-64

To business management and operational control of reconstruction in the city of Baghdad, carried out through the legislative system consists of a set of laws, regulations and decisions issued by the various destinations and on successive phases, these laws had a direct impact on urban land use and urban development.And urban planning has a number of dimensions, including the legal dimension and the dimension of administrative and executive Urban in Iraq is subject to a number of dimensions by the departments and bodies and institutions is determined by regulations and the laws of multiple and conflicting with each other often, "which led to a lack of respect and lack of commitment by the result or resulted ina clear deterioration in the level of services currently provided "and confusion at the scene and the urban fabric in urban areas in Iraq in addition to the loss of a lot of effort and various resources.This research will address to the review and evaluation of laws and resolutions dealing with Ostamlat the ground and their relationship to the process of age of the city of Baghdad and the diversity of these laws and lack of comprehensiveness and opposes sometimes "may form a partnership heavy on action planning and the development and expansion of the city despite the positive role of the change in these laws in effect on features Urban of the city, to take the city of Baghdad as a case study for the application of those laws and see how they affect them. ﻫﺎ ﻋﻠﯿﻬﺎ .

The Role of Shape Grammar in Analyzing Architectural Compostion [A study in the Arab-Islamic Palaces]

The iraqi journal of architecture and planning, 2014, Volume 10, Issue 3, Pages 87-107

The shape grammar technique appeared in the seventies of the last century at different levels of knowledge. The application of the technique in architecture focused on two main goals، which have become as approaches: the first is the analytical one[reading and analyzing the architectural antecedent and explore their languages and using them in future designs]، the second is the original designs،[producing novel designs]. Most of researches lacked to clarify the sufficient aspects relating to shape grammar especially the analytical methods with regard of Islamic architecture ، the research problem concentrated on this as stipulated [Lack of sufficient visualization of the role of shape grammar technique in reading and analyzing Islamic architecture]and the objectives are [detect the analytical methods of shape grammar and exploring its synthetic potentials]، The method of solving the research problem consist of three stages ، first establish a comprehensive conceptual framework concentrated on shape grammar technique inside and outside the field of architecture،second :conducting study; in addition the selected sample and the constraint of choosing it were described [ the samples were eight Islamic palaces، four of them belong to the Umayyad era ، and the others to the Abbasid period ]،then identifying the method of measurement.The third: analytical process of the selected samples. Afterwards، discussing and analyzing the results and final conclusions..

Deterioration in the centers of historic towns The case study : the residential environment for the ancient of Kut city

The iraqi journal of architecture and planning, 2014, Volume 10, Issue 3, Pages 128-148

This research deals with the subject of deterioration of the urban environment of housing in the historic center of the old city in Kut which impacts negatively on the social characteristics and health of the population that represents the research problem. So, the aim of the research is to build a knowledgeable base to the phenomenon of deterioration of the urban environment of housing in the historic city centers, and was the most important findings of the research , environmental degradation Urban housing in the study area for there are suffering of humidity and lack of exposure to the sun and the narrow space of housing. Making an impact on the health aspects of the population, where the influence of moisture and snow albedo and narrow area of dwelling on the injury population diseases such as asthma and allergies , rheumatism , make the research dealing with the residential environment tin the historic centers according to the concepts of urban design and achieve communication time between the old and the new as a solution to urban and social isolation caused by the deterioration of such housing.ی .