ISSN: 1999-1738

Volume 13, Issue 1

Volume 13, Issue 1, Winter 2017, Page 20-129


The historical origins of knowledge society in Architecture

The iraqi journal of architecture and planning, Volume 13, Issue 1, Pages 20-36

The research interested with studying the concept of a knowledge society in architecture, as a result of presence the concept in a speech of the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research in Iraq, by calling to construction and transform to the knowledge society, to achieve educational and general societal goals. The research trying to disclosure the origins of concept in human civilizations and societies specifically who producing architectures has spatial and temporal characteristics. The research reviews the speech of the Ministry and then contemporary studies that establish the concept of knowledge society at the society, technology and economics, and then review the manifestations of the concept in architecture in order to reach a theoretical framework framed the concept within the limits of research and being The first step to solving the research problem (there is no clear perception of the fact that the concept of a knowledge society modern concept or that has historical origins in the architecture field), and it has crystallized hypothesis (the concept Associated with historical communities, representing the general social systems and systems for the production of architecture, the concept has been updated to suit the current requirements of the age). After the election two societies according to temporal and spatial frames, it has been the emergence of the theoretical framework test vocabulary formations within those communities and in their architectural production methodologies. To reach results illustrate vocabulary authentic and updated in contemporary knowledge society propositions in architecture..

Persuasion for Criticism in the Architecture

The iraqi journal of architecture and planning, Volume 13, Issue 1, Pages 53-72

The Critique is a tool for the development of architectural production , And when that criticism in architecture depends on the parties : (Critic , Receiver , and Output ), And there is a dialogue going on between the critic and the receiver , The process depends on the acceptance or refusal, Therefore it is necessary to put a tool for Persuasion the receiver , This tool practiced by the critic to be able to Persuasion the recipient to accept the views put forward , So the process of persuasion in the critique consisting of several stimuli to criticism in general , Some of them give positive results and the other negative.
The objective of the research to identify the methods of persuasion in Critique academic and sort of know any more possible ways to create a constructive criticism of the party during the second response (Receiver) to the critic, To be the research problem (There is a knowledge gap on how to convince the architectural critic of the designer in Actual Architectural Academy), The main draw of the vocabulary part of the theoretical research of the concepts related to research and previous studies, And then conducted the practical application of academic projects on one final study phase, And then go out the results and then conclusions, which belongs to The researcher found that the criticism persuade process is done through Analysis ,Technology means ,negotiation and attractions of the designer with many ways and skills to be enjoyed by architectural critic..

Positive Distraction and Passive Dispersion in the Interior Space of Office Buildings

The iraqi journal of architecture and planning, Volume 13, Issue 1, Pages 94-113

The office building linked to the performance of visual tasks of work environments and reflect the progress of society and the one most in need to take into account the psychological dimension (dispersion and distraction) When designed especially as an area of practice where multiple activities, carried out by the staff (users boarders) with a temperament and different personalities, and frequented by users external diverse, all of this requires taking into account the different segments during the design process to integrate the system and have the final product work efficient motivates employees and increases their activity , So the research problem has been identified by (the lack of a clear vision for the role of " Positive Distraction and Passive Dispersion ," in relation with the settings (spatial elements of architectural design , detailes of interior space) , and its impact on the employee's performance today.
The research aims to find a clear vision on the impact of spatial settings and detailed design elements carrying out for positive distraction and passive dispersion within the atmosphere of the internal environment of the office spaces, which will achieve convenience, job satisfaction and reflected positively on employee's performance at work environment in the end. {.

Residents satisfaction in the Residential Environment

The iraqi journal of architecture and planning, Volume 13, Issue 1, Pages 37-52

This Paper studies the concept of residents satisfaction in residential environment . It' defines it as the emotional responses of the residents to the residential environment, whether it is a physical environment , which includes the characteristics of the house ,public services and neighborhood facilities , or social indicators environment such as privacy and belonging, this response varies according to demographics and experiences dweller. The aim of this paper is to study this concept locally. Research hypotheses was that , the residents satisfaction is materialized through the physical environment characteristics and the social environment indicators . The research finding that residents satisfied with dwelling unit elevation and its spaces , as well as providing range of services and public facilities in residential environment ,also with the social environment indicators. .

The Effect of Social Mobility to Disfigure Houses Elevations (Houses in Holy Karbala as a cause study)

The iraqi journal of architecture and planning, Volume 13, Issue 1, Pages 73-93

Architecture is a mutual dialogue system where the place and time interact with environment. However, when noises interfere with this process, the architecture system will lose its mutual dialogue, which prevent society such an important communicating tool with world. Therefore, the objective of this article is to declare the effect of the society trends system changes in deforming the signification system that produce architectural forms, that lead to disfigurement of architecture. The research problem is “the Social mobility is associated with a signification system changes and appearance of disfigurement. We suppose that the social mobility push the architecture of society to Integrate in new environment through physical copying of the available forms without intellectual values projecting own intellectual values on these forms resulting in separating the matter system from the signification system which make the form disfigured. We choose holy Karbala houses as a case study as Karbala city has a great place in history and Islamic religion that make its architecture face the effect of too many waves of social mobility throughout history. We conclude that the disfigured architecture is not durable because it disappears with time when their own secondary social and intellectual behaviours are retouched. On the other hand, most cities can be divide in to 3 reigns and the disfigurement is a result of the intersection between these reigns..

The Impact of the Internal Space Elements on the Performance of Efficiency in the Inpatient Ward

The iraqi journal of architecture and planning, Volume 13, Issue 1, Pages 114-129

The health sector in Iraq is suffering from the absence of keep up with modern trends. At the healing architecture fields which is linked to Building performance of efficiency especially on interior design. That is have physical and psychological effect and impact of the users experience and mechanism of transforming this experience into realty by using elements of internal spaces.
Research is based on the perception that is building performance efficiency depend on internal space elements, through patients experience on the surrounding environment in the inpatient wards. Therefore, research problem is cognitive deficiencies on the impact of internal space elements on the inpatient ward performance of efficiency. The research aim is detection the related concepts on the performance of efficiency through Internal space elements.
Research methodology has represented a number of steps: first define the conceptual framework of each of the internal space elements. Moreover, the performance of efficiency in the inpatient wards. Second, build the theoretical framework for research and testing the research hypothesis by adapting The Qualitative Heuristic Approach "QHA" by using a questionnaire was built according to the theoretical framework of the concepts of satisfaction patient (acceptability) and Safety, and then analyze the results of the questionnaire using statistical software (SPSS) and then analyze the results and determine conclusions.
The research conclusions show the internal space elements have the greatest impact for rising the inpatient wards performance of efficiency through rising feelings of the acceptability at all levels by providing a personal needs and privacy, equality in health services and supporter services. In addition, research found that is feeling safety on physical and psychological level achieved by specific elements in internal spaces. .